3rd annual conference of Bagh-E-Irani

The Third annual conference of BAGH-E-IRANI was held in Tehran - IRAN

 Iranian architects, artists and actors attend the 3rd annual conference of BAGH-E-IRANI at the Cinema History Museum of Tehran, Iran, Oct. 11, 2019.The one-day festival kicked off here Friday, attracting hundreds of Bagh-E-Irani enthusiasts of all art and architecture groups to the cinema museum, also known as Bagh-E-Ferdous. 

The third annual conference of Bagh-E-Irani was held by the Persian Garden Research Institute, Elite of Iranian Architecture Society, UNESCO National Iranian Commission and the Villa magazine, to celebrate the material and spiritual dimensions of BAGH-E-IRANI, which bears exceptional, and even unique, testimony to the cultural traditions that have evolved in Iran over some two and a half millennia.


BAGH-E-IRANI, also known as The Persian Garden exhibits an important interchange of human values, having been the principal reference for the development of garden design in Western Asia, Arab countries, and even Europe. Throughout its evolution, BAGH-E-IRANI has had a role in various cultural and social aspects of society, becoming a central feature in private residences, palaces and public buildings, as well as in ensembles associated with benevolent or religious institutions, such as tombs, park layouts, palace gardens, Meidans, etc


Alireza Ghahari, president of the Elite of Iranian Architecture Society, welcomed the guests, praised the exterior scenes of the conference and highlighted the cultural developments of Outstanding Universal Value directly associated with BAGH-E-IRANI.


Well-known figures, academics, art and cinema researchers lectured on the topic of the conference. On the other hand, artists and students sketched the architecture of Persian Garden and the Iranian costume in outdoors garden.


Anousheh Mansouri, director of the Persian Garden Institute, introduced the Persian Gardens registered by UNESCO World Heritage Sites and emphasized on the contemporary and practical look of this ancient Persian pattern.

Photo: Arash Vakilzadeh

Amir Abbas Aboutalebi, The chief editor of Villa Magazine, Iranian architect, journalist, and the conference curator, introduced the phrase "Bagh e Irani" instead of "Persian Garden" to the conference. He said, there is wisdom behind the perfect design of "BAGH" which is the original result of an inspired and intelligent application of different fields of knowledge, i.e. technology, water management, engineering, architecture, and agriculture. He then presented "Bagh Ideology" vs "Bagh Typology". "The #BAGH is a paradigm not only of architecture but of ideology; it is a myth of fantasy through which is generated by psychological rather than utilitarian needs.

Photo: Kiana Amir Mazaheri


Dr. Hosna Pourhashemi, the Iranian landscape architect, researcher, firstly has referring to the historical background of Persian Garden and the archaeological remains of this layout. Afterward she pointed out the transmission ways of this pattern through Silk Road, spiritual meanings and linguistic to the West and its influence on western architecture and landscape architecture. While introducing the 20th century key landscape architect in Europe, Dieter Kienast, she describes how the concept of this archetype and its elements influenced on contemporary Swiss landscape architecture addressed in the projects of Günther Vogt and Christophe Girot.

Photo: Kiana Amir Mazaheri

In this conference new topics such as “The traces of Persian Garden in Modern Landscape Architecture in Switzerland" "Persian Garden Architecture and Nature in Cinema", "Influence of Persian Architecture and Garden on Abbas Kiarostami's Poetry", "Iranian Garden, Iranian Architecture and Iranian Carpet" " Contemporary Persian Garden of Pakdasht ", "Iranian Garden-Iranian Dress" and "Iranian Garden and Hafez" took to the stage.

Photo: Farnoosh Bandi

The Persian Garden is an outstanding example of a type of garden design achieved by utilising natural and human elements and integrating significant achievements of Persian culture into a physical and symbolic-artistic expression in harmony with nature. Indeed, the Persian Garden has become a prototype for the geometrically-designed garden layout, diffused across the world.



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