Location: Kohsar, Alborz
Architect: Vahid Ghodsi
Design date: 2013
Completion date: 2016
Site area: 5000m2
Architect: Vahid Ghodsi
Photographs: Babak Tousipour, Deed Studio, Vahid Ghodsi
Located out of the city, this residence is in a garden as one unit of a large complex of villas. In spite of the flexibility came from the big area of the site, the project faced a certain specifications and challenges such as specific shape and orientation of the site, building regulations and construction, client’s requests, etc.
Project’s site is a 128*40 square which despite its length is relatively limited in width. Because of the adjacency to the neighboring units - considering the size, proportions and functions of the building - there were number of limitations to reach the design intentions like privacy, front and back yard connection, as well as some regulations regarding building placement.
The Building relationship to its environment was the basis of its design, mainly inside connection to the outside; as the building is seen as an entity in its environment. Definitely this connection must had been achieved while privacy and functionality of the building are well considered.
Due to adjacency to neighboring units on both sides in a relative close distance, the initial mass came with solid and closed surfaces on sides. This contrasts with the transparent and open surfaces on south and north sides. Two perpendicular Axes formed the accesses and connections to the sides of the building from which the side axis shifted to achieve required access, light and view. Four cubes emerged by the axes and that were scaled depending on each space specific demands and qualities.
Based on the orientation of the site towards the south-west, the solid side to the south-east (beside preserving privacy, connecting inside and outside, and solving the programs) plays a crucial role in light controlling of inside spaces. The kitchen and the bedrooms in the back side benefit from the north - and the east - light and living space in front benefit from the south - and the west - light. Sunlight is controlled by the building overhang and the louvers. This high glass side in front provides the most possible connection between inside and the outside space and also unity between two floor spaces inside the building.
In addition to the mentioned characteristics, the use of the prevailing wind was also desired. In this location the prevailing wind is from the west that in case of having open windows in front and back side of the building, a notable natural ventilation occurs - this ventilation is possible in both floor because of the double-height void. This natural wind from the west is one of the reasons for placing the pool in front of the building to have the mentioned air current humidified and cooled.
The pool in placed in front and immediate connection to the living space and the double-height void so that the presence of water and its mirror like surface would enrich the garden and the green space atmosphere. In front yard, the moving plots compensate the site height difference. Conversely, the backyard is considered as a private and calm space, having a flat ground in the same level as inside to give us the intended relationship of inside and outside spaces.