Location: Yazd, Iran
Architect: AA Design Studio
Client: Badrieh Dehghan
Material: concrete & brick
Design date: 2017
Site area: 324m2
Built area: 350m2
Architecture Firm: AA Design Studio IR
Author Architects : Amirabbas Aboutalebi, Mohammadreza Haeri, Saeid Partovi
Social & Strategic Designer/Advisor: Mohammadreza Haeri
Energy Analysis: Badrieh Dehghan, Ehsan Fatemi
Designing a house in the city of Yazd was a new challenge for the design team who was forced to face various issues such as the hot and dry climate of Yazd, different client requirements and site’s specifications. The client is a master of energy in architecture graduate encouraged the team to engage her in an architectural dialogue to solve the problems. First of all, the design team needed to pay attention to the client lifestyle and find out how to approach to resident’s tendencies and attitudes. One of the main requirements of the client was to define certain private zones and having large windows to connect interior spaces to the outside in addition to allowing natural lighting of spaces. However, based on the land subdivision of municipality, project site could receive direct sunlight and view only from one side which is located alongside the yard. Yazd is a historical city in the center of Iran with a special architecture, but project’s site is located out of a historical area which is an opportunity for the team to illustrate the continuity of concepts between outside and inside of the historical area. Therefore, the design team decided to have a project with conceptual ideas derived from historical architecture for a contemporary architecture of Yazd.
The design idea initiated with creating outdoor spaces to respond to the issues regarding lifestyle, Sunlight, view and fresh air. From architect’s point of view, outdoor spaces improve the quality of indoor spaces, in other words; outdoor spaces can help indoors to receive sunlight, picturesque view and natural ventilation. So, the design team decided to have private yards in the back of the project and a public yard in the front. Those yards are connected to each other with two corridors so they won’t be isolated from the private yards in the back. outdoor spaces are distributed from the first level to the last with different spatial characters, for instance, backyard which is surrounded with the guest suits is named "Mehman Khaneh" yard meaning guest house yard. All outdoor spaces have a similar spatial strategy. In addition to absorbing earth’s moisture and coolness, building volume is pulled in the ground and is formed to facilitate airflow and natural ventilation in upper levels. Enhancing natural airflow and increasing moisture are key elements to natural ventilation selected for this project. Creating forms, corridors and intermediate floors help natural air circulation and cold and humid air will be blown through interiors by placing a small pond on its route.
Spatial organization is the key element to designing residential buildings in traditional architecture of Yazd. The combination of open, closed and covered spaces in the past have responded appropriately to the different aspect of the life of residence such as lifestyle, culture, climate, and nature in Yazd. So by scanning traditional houses in Yazd, one can recognize the relationship between these different types of space that were the main source of inspiration in the project.