Location: Yazd, Iran
Architect: AA Design Studio
Client: Badrieh Dehghan
Material: concrete & brick
Design date: 2017
Site area: 324m2
Built area: 350m2
Architecture Firm: AA Design Studio IR
Author Architects : Amirabbas Aboutalebi, Seyedeh Maryam Mahdavieh Davoud Modarres Zahra Sharifi
Social & Strategic Designer/Advisor: Mohammadreza Haeri
Energy Analysis: Badrieh Dehghan, Ehsan Fatemi
A man and its relation to all exterior elements including water, wind, soil, and fire must be valued more than designing a house. In order to the so, there must exist a pattern which in this case is the pattern of a contemporary citizen’s mind who is living in Yazd according to his preferences and characteristics.
The major purpose of the pattern is to achieve unity meaning this person must feel like a human being in his house. “How fine is the being that takes a man to unity?” Architecture is conceived as a whole or as a part of the environment and the correspondence between the body and the environment must be taken into account. If the house is understood as minor and the city as a major residence, then their correlation is obvious. Based on this perspective, in the process of designing a house and in order to bring it to balance the designer should develop a concept that improves the relationship between the resident and his surroundings.
The city of Yazd is located in the hot and arid region of Iran; therefore, the house must be designed to provide coldness and humidity for its residents. So our purpose was to provide thermal and moisture comfort inside the house while creating architectural qualities to enhance passing the time. All the interior and exterior elements must be coordinated to achieve this goal. The presence of water and its movements, playing with presence and absence of light, bringing greenery to the interior, intelligent coordination according to the wind flow and favorable light are all among different strategies used in the traditional architecture of Iran especially in cities like Yazd that can help us reach the templates we seek.
The site of this project is located on the North-East of Yazd. This 12-in-27-meters site is oriented toward north-west and south-east and can only be accessed from its south-east side. Climatic considerations are very important because of the harsh weather of the location. Proper employment of natural light and skipping its gaze when necessary and application of the optimal wind (one that flows from Isfahan to Yazd and is called the Wind of Isfahan) are among various strategies used as passive thermal and moisture control systems in this project.
The building is defined in four functional levels. By entering the courtyard, we encounter three levels of access, main entrance on the first level, guest room entrance on the underground and parking access on the ground floor. The main entrance is defined by a staircase that passes under the volume of the second floor. These stairs reach the middle courtyard that bids welcome to guests as well as residents. Living room, private sitting room, kitchen, guest bedroom, and service spaces are located on the first level. One of the purposes of this project is to value the human’s place at home which is shown in the articulation of space. Placing entrance in the middle of the building helps to achieve this by organizing all spaces around an intermediate space and minimizing the length of corridors.
Vertical access is made possible by the staircase located in the private zone. There are three bedrooms and a small living room on the second floor. Open-spaces (balcony) are allocated to all bedrooms. In addition to the private open-spaces, there is also an inner yard in this level which facilitates making collective memories.
Each of these yards has a share of water and greenery; which helps to enhance the space’s quality. This specification responds to the “cold and moist” needs of human nature. Moving from the backside to the front, reduction of openings’ sizes is apparent which is meant to suck the wind inside. This has divided our yards into two groups named as “cold yards” and “warm yards”.