Location: Qeshm, Iran
Architect: Firouz Firouz
Client: Hosein Ahmadi
Design date: 2017
Site area: 4050m2
Built area: 320m2
Architecture Firm: Firouz Firouz and Associate
Design Associate: Nazanin Setayesh
This project is a house that consists of two parts with an introverted design based on climatic, social, cultural and economic criteria. Besides being insulated against heat, the use of indigenous materials such as Cob makes the house similar to the surrounding neighborhood.
Both active and passive systems are used in this project. Regarding the passive system, this house is completely harmonious with the vernacular architecture there and according to the dominant wind, the orientation of the building is in a way that by using windtower, it can fully benefit the south wind to vent and cool the spaces. The dispersion of the buildings allows the spaces to have more shade and the wind to flow among different areas.
Plants considered to be used in this project are local plants such as palms which not only do not need a huge amount of water, but also provide shade near the pond so that people can sit and enjoy.
In the active system, solar collectors are used on the roof of the main building in a way that the building’s consumed warm water is provided by the solar energy.
The house is engaged with the sea and locating the terrace on the upper floor makes it possible to have a nice view.
Being introverted is not only in harmony with the architecture of the context, but also it matches the culture there.
Economically, considering solar collectors for this project is an adequate approach since solar radiation is consistently available and can be used effectively in solar water heaters.
Rooms are situated around the inner courtyard and the door of each room opens to this yard. A corridor is designed between these rooms which has a light-structure roof for providing shade and is covered with shed. In the west, there is a little house which is separated from the guest rooms by a corridor and a terrace. Rooms are located on the south of the complex and since this section can function separately, it can be provided with a distinct entrance. The main entrance is on the west and other entrances are on the east and south.